First Information Report (FIR)                                                                                

First Information Report

        A First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by police organizations in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offense or by someone on his or her behalf, but anyone can make such a report either orally or in writing to the police.

        For a non cognizable offense a Community Service Register is created & registered.

        An FIR is an important document because it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police take up investigation of the case. Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offence, including police officers, can file an FIR.

As described in law,

  • When information about the commission of a cognizable offence is given orally, the police must write it down.
  • The person giving information or making a complaint has a right to demand that the information recorded by the police be read to him or her.
  • Once the information has been recorded by the police, it must be signed by the person giving the information.

Frequently asked questions about filing an FIR in India :

1. What is the format of the first information report which the police records my complaint on? And what is a Cognizable offence ?

2. Who can lodge an F.I.R ?

3. What about F.I.R on telephone or telegram?

4. What is an objective of an F.I.R ?

5. What if we delay in lodging F.I.R. ?

6. What could be possible reasons of Delay ?

7. Can your later version become an F.I.R ?

8. What if an accused person lodges an F.I.R himself ?

9. Let us look at F.I.Rs in different offences

10. Who can write the F.I.R ?

11. What are the essentials of an F.I.R (11 Ws) ?

12. Description of Culprits in F.I.R ?

13. What is the evidentiary value of F.I.R ?

14. When does F.I.R become substantive evidence ?

15. What happens to the F.I.R finally ?

16. What is a special report? Additional information on what happens to the F.I.R.s as a follow up.

17. What is the format of information in case of Non-cognizable offence (NCR) ?

18. What is the difference between Complaint and F.I.R ?

19. What to "Do and Don't Do" in FIR ?

20. What action can be expected from the police in a Non-Cognizable offence ?

21. What does police do when complaints are doubtful ?

22. What if you furnish false information ?

23. What if a policeman records your F.I.R. wrongly ?

        In India, after an FIR has been filed the contents of the FIR cannot be changed except by a ruling from the High Court or the Supreme Court of India.

More about FIR...

Comparative Study on FIR
FIR performa Hindi/Eng.
FIR: gov. of UP Website

        I am sure that in this colloquium, these and all other aspects relating to the new statutory first information report will be discussed and assimilated. I wish the discussions all success.

Thank You,

Parivartan India